Types of Higher Education Institutions in India
Universities and University Level Institutions
Central Universities are managed and funded by the Indian government. Curriculum is common across the country in all such institutions.
State Universities are managed and funded by their respective state governments. Curriculum and examination patterns will vary with every state.
Institutes of National Importance
Private institutions which have gained national importance with their impeccable curriculum and academic standards fall under this category. They are highly reputable, most competitive and internationally recognized.
Deemed to be Universities
Colleges and private institutions recognized for their high caliber education are deemed to be universities. This status grants full autonomy with respect to setting both the curriculum as well as admissions requirements. Programs and requirements will vary between institutions.
The vast majority of colleges in India are Affiliated Colleges which follow their affiliated university’s curriculum, examination structure, and grading protocol. Transcripts and degrees are awarded by the university.
Autonomous colleges are overseen by universities, but operate under a different protocol and can set their own curriculum and admission requirements. They award provisional certificates with the name of the college printed on the transcripts.